The spinal column is a structure made up of vertebral bones stacked together. Between the vertebral bones is the intervertebral discs made up of cartilage and fibers. These discs absorb shock and strain and cushions the spine. The intervertebral discs are comprised of water, collagen and proteoglycans. As you advance in age, your spine begins to lose some of its water content. This causes the discs to tear and rupture leading to degenerative disc disease. It occurs mostly on the lower back and around the neck region. It causes pain and nerve damage.
Causes of degenerative disc disease
The most prominent cause is the natural effects of aging on the discs. Other factors that cause degenerative disc disease include:
- Strenuous activities
- Sudden injuries from accidents and falls
- Lack of exercise
Symptoms of degenerative disc disease
- Sharp and pronounced back pain
- Pain in the arms and neck if the damaged disc is on the neck
- Discomfort when performing daily activities
- Pain in the buttocks, leg and back
- Intensified pain when bending or sitting
Physical therapists at Source Physical Therapy are very committed to reducing your symptoms and striving to ensure that you go back to your daily routine. Physical therapy in Arlington, VA involves careful evaluation of your medical history and physical state and coming up with a treatment plan tailored to meet your specific needs. Treatment includes:
Physical Therapy and exercise
Bed rest is an effective treatment for degenerative disc disease. Exercises strengthen your abdominal muscles and release pressure on your spine. Losing a few pounds will also reduce the pressure on your intervertebral discs.
Anti-inflammatory drugs are effective in reducing inflammation in the damaged discs. Cortisone injections are also implemented to relieve pain.
Ice and heat application
Applying ice or heat packs in the affected regions can soothe the pain and reduce inflammation. This method will certainly alleviate the symptoms caused by degenerative disc disease.
Physical therapy at Source Physical Therapy is very effective in treating degenerative disc disease. Our therapists are well trained to provide the best treatment plans. Do not hesitate to get in touch with us by filling out forms on our website. We look forward to helping you recover faster.